Volume 8

The Age of the Italian Primacy. The Fifteenth Century

The analysis made in this volume is completely dedicated to the Fifteenth Century. The collection of essays depicts a fresco of one of the central centuries of the Italian history, rich of political, social, economic and cultural events in each and every region of the peninsula. The research highlights the process developed together with the passage from the Signoria (Lordship) to the regional states, and traces the parallel between the regional states of Italy and national states of Europe. At the end of this evolution, the Italian political geography seems to be deeply changed: it has replaced its fragmentation with its new political and institutional organization founded on the political equilibrium ratified in 1454 with the peace of Lodi. In the Fifteenth century Italy lives a great season of Renaissance and of its civil and cultural primacy in Europe. At the same time, it is the Italy  making the negative elements come to life that will bring to the regression of the peninsula’s history: the city prevails on rural areas, country-side people’s conditions get worse, the Central and Northern Italian regions linked to the international economy circuit and the Southern agrarian feudal regions clash. The strengthening of the administrative structures and of the government that preludes to the modern organization of a state (diplomacy, permanent army, fiscal system) is not accompanied, in the Italian states, with the unification of law, creation of a body of state employees’ elected on the basis of their competence. These regional states, founded on the privileged role of aristocracies in the political and administrative power, hide a structurally weakness of the relation between the state and the citizens, the centre and the peripheral areas: this drawback is destined to last long.

SUMMARY

Chronology (1400 – 1599)
Lucia Sandri

The ideological crisis of the Papacy from the great schism to the Renaissance
Josef Macek

Venture Companies and the military Lorships (Signorias)
Maria Ludovica Lenzi

The Milanese State of the Viscontis and of the Sforzas
Patrizia Mainoni

Minor states of Padania: a functional anachronism
Roberto Greci

The Republic of Genoa in the Fifteenth century
Gian Luigi Falabrino

The Fifteenth Century in Venice
John Law

Florence, the capital of Humanism and of the Italian equilibrium
Giovanni Cipriani

The Bank of the Medicis and great Italian banks
Giovanni Cipriani

Siena, Lucca, Pisa between the Fourteenth and Sixteenth centuries
Michele Luzzati

The State of the Church in the Fifteenth and Sixteenth centuries
Peter Partner

Naples and the Italian South from the Charles I of Naples to the Aragonese dynasty
Guido D’Agostino

title: The Age of the Italian Primacy. The Fifteenth century
pages: 507
price: 28,50 €

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